Puerto Vallarta – Wikipedia
place in Jalisco, Mexico
Puerto Vallarta ( spanish pronunciation : [ ˈpweɾto βaˈʎaɾta ] or plainly Vallarta ) is a mexican beach haunt city situated on the Pacific Ocean ‘s Bahía de Banderas in the Mexican country of Jalisco. Puerto Vallarta is the second largest urban agglomeration in the state after the Guadalajara Metropolitan Area. The City of Puerto Vallarta is the politics seat of the Municipality of Puerto Vallarta which comprises the city adenine well as population centers outside of the city extending from Boca de Tomatlán to the Nayarit margin ( the Ameca River ). The city is located at. The municipality has an area of 1,300.7 squarely kilometres ( 502.19 sq mile ). To the union, it borders the southwest partially of the state of Nayarit. To the east, it borders the municipality of Mascota and San Sebastián del Oeste, and to the south, it borders the municipalities of Talpa de Allende and Cabo Corrientes. [ 1 ] Puerto Vallarta is named after Ignacio Vallarta, a former governor of Jalisco. In spanish, Puerto Vallarta is frequently shortened to “ Vallarta ”, while english speakers call the city P.V. for short. In Internet shorthand, the city is frequently referred to as PVR, after the International Air Transport Association airport code for its Gustavo Diaz Ordaz International Airport.
Reading: Puerto Vallarta – Wikipedia
history [edit ]
Puerto Vallarta ‘s proximity to the Bay of Banderas, the agricultural valley of the Ameca River, and the significant mining centers in the Sierra have given the town a more matter to past [ clarification needed ] than most mexican tourist destinations. Puerto Vallarta was a thrive mexican village long before it became an external tourist finish. tourism is a major economic activity because of the climate, scenery, tropical beaches, and rich cultural history .
Pre-Hispanic times to the nineteenth hundred [edit ]
few details are known about the history of the area anterior to the nineteenth century. There is archaeological tell to suggest continuous human dwelling from 580 BC, and like attest ( from sites near Ixtapa and in Col. Lázaro Cárdenas ) [ 2 ] that the area belonged to the Aztlán culture which dominated Jalisco, Nayarit and Michoacán from c. 900–1200. The limited evidence in occidental Mexican archeology have limited the current cognition about pre-historic life in the sphere. [ 3 ] spanish missionary and conquistador documents chronicle skirmishes between the spanish colonizers and the local anesthetic peoples. In 1524, for example, a large struggle between Hernán Cortés and an army of 10,000 to 20,000 autochthonal warriors resulted in Cortés taking control of much of the Ameca valley. The valley was then named Banderas ( flags ) after the colored standards carried by the natives. besides the sphere appears on maps and in sailing logs as a bay of safety for the Manila Galleon trade deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as for other coastal seafarers. As such it figures in some accounts of plagiarist operations and smuggle and pirate dispute efforts by the viceregal government. During the 17th and 18th centuries the Banderas Valley and its beaches along the Bay of Banderas served as supply points for ships seeking recourse in the bay. The area besides served as a point where smuggled goods could be sent on to the Sierra towns near Mascota, evading the customs operations at San Blas, Nayarit .
El Carrizal and Las Peñas – 19th century [edit ]
During the nineteenth century the history of Puerto Vallarta, then called El Carrizal or Las Peñas, was linked to the history of the Sierra towns of San Sebastián del Oeste, Talpa de Allende and Mascota. While today these towns are considered quaint tourist destinations, during much of the eighteenth hundred, Mascota was Jalisco ‘s second base largest town, after Guadalajara. Mascota and its neighbor towns located in the high tableland of the Sierra, developed as agrarian towns to support the growing mine operations in the Sierra. During the eighteenth hundred, as Mascota grew, Puerto Vallarta grew with it, transforming itself from a small fishing and pearl-diving greenwich village into a humble beach-landing port serving the Sierra towns. At the clock time the independent port serving Jalisco was located at San Blas, but the inconvenient overland path from San Blas to the Sierra towns made Puerto Vallarta a more commodious alternate for smaller shipments, not to mention smuggling operations which evaded the tax collectors at San Blas. Puerto Vallarta besides became a vacation destination for residents of the Sierra Towns, and by the mid nineteenth hundred, the township already had its regularly returning population of vacationers. Most of the early settlers in Puerto Vallarta were families who had left the Sierra towns for one reason or another. 1859 saw an crucial become point for the belittled village, then known as Las Peñas. That class the Union en Cuale mining company took possession of domain extending from Los Arcos to the Pitillal river and extending back up into the Sierra for kilometres. The Union en Cuale party was owned in contribution by the Camarena brothers of Guadalajara who had developed a little trade in oil palm in Las Peñas. The function of the government ‘s sale of the state to the company was to provide for shipping, fishing and agricultural support for the mine operations which were growing quite cursorily in the Sierra. The official establish fib of Las Peñas and frankincense of Puerto Vallarta is that it was founded by Guadalupe Sánchez Torres, his wife Ambrosia Carrillo and some friends such as Cenobio Joya, Apolonio de Robles, Cleofas Peña and Martín Andrade, among others, on December 12, 1851, and was given the identify of Las Peñas de Santa María de Guadalupe since it was the day dedicated to the pure of Guadalupe. Although the purchase phonograph record of the property by Guadalupe Sanchez is date 1859, his kin lived there anterior to the buy class. [ 4 ] [ 5 ] besides tied arsenic early as 1850 the area was already peopled by fishermen, bone divers, smugglers and foragers, all of whom had something of a permanent wave universe in the area. Given the existing historic documents it is just impossible to go steady the first permanent colonization in the area, There is however no doubt the development of Las Peñas into a self-sufficient village of any significant size happened in the 1860s as the mouth of the Cuale area was exploited to support the operations of the newly enfranchised Union en Cuale company. As such 1859 marks the begin of Puerto Vallarta as a greenwich village. Twenty years late, by 1885, the village comprised about 250 homes and about 800 residents. [ 6 ]
The early on municipality – early twentieth hundred [edit ]
Sunset on Los Muertos beach in Olas Altas, Colonia Emiliano Zapata. In 1918, the village was elevated to municipality condition and renamed after former state governor Ignacio Vallarta. During the early years of the twentieth hundred, most of Puerto Vallarta was owned by the Union en Cuale company controlled by the american english Alfred Geist. Geist sold bring merely in large plots at prices that were quite high for the time and otherwise leased the estate on short-run leases. To remedy this site and to enable the fresh municipality to develop, the citizens petitioned the government for a land allow based on the new constitution ‘s provisions. In 1921, the Local Agrarian Commission approved a grant of some 9,400 hectares ( 23,000 acres ; 36 squarely miles ), with the domain to be expropriated from the Union en Cuale company. [ 7 ] The grant was established as an ejido defy ( a farm cooperative administered by the politics ). legal quibble over the size of the land grant, and the ejido condition of the properties involved would stymie growth in Puerto Vallarta into the 1960s, as developers were reluctant to build anything besides solid on state for which one could not obtain clear entitle. ( Ejido nation is controlled by individuals who are given licenses to use it, but it could not be sold, subdivided or leased. )
During the Cristero War, the municipality was doubly taken over by Cristero forces ( April 1927 and January 1928 ). After it was recaptured for a second meter, the national government stationed a small garrison there under Major Ángel Ocampo. The garrison was stationed near the mouth of the Cuale River and is creditworthy for planting many of the palms that now line the beaches near the sass of the Cuale River to help limit beach erosion during heavy rains in October 1928. One casualty of the skirmishes was local pastor Padre Ayala who was exiled to Guadalajara for his character in fomenting the local anesthetic revolt. He died there in 1943, though his remains were returned 10 years late and interred in the main parish church of Our lady of Guadalupe. As mining activities in the Sierra waned in the early years of the twentieth hundred, Puerto Vallarta and the agrarian valley to the north of the city became important destinations for those leaving the Sierra towns and looking for a place to settle. many of those who arrived had family members already living in Puerto Vallarta, and the model of migration that ensued turned the town into a collection of more or less extend families, giving it the cohesion of a distinctive sierra town. From 1925 until 1935, the Montgomery Fruit Company operated in the area around Ixtapa. friction with the state government over british labour party issues finally led to the venture being abandoned, but for ten years it provided an important source of employment in the area .
aerial see of marina, cruise ship docks and downtown Puerto Vallarta The first airplane serve arrived in 1932, with electrical service on a small scale arriving about the lapp time. The first pause bridge over the Cuale went up in 1933. The city ‘s first plumb system was started in 1939. In 1942, Puerto Vallarta was finally connected by road to Compostela, Nay. Until then the only access to Puerto Vallarta was by sea, tune, or by mule trails to the sierra towns. besides in 1942, in the New York-based magazine Modern Mexico the first ad for a Puerto Vallarta vacation appeared, sponsored by the Air Transport Company of Jalisco. By 1945, the company was landing DC-3s in Puerto Vallarta ( carrying 21 passengers ). By the 1950s, Puerto Vallarta had started to attract Americans, largely writers and artists in search of a retreat from the USA of the earned run average of Eisenhower and McCarthy. Gringo Gulch began to develop as an expatriate neighborhood on the mound above the Centro. The city besides attracted mexican artists and writers who were will to trade the comforts of animation in the larger cities for its scenic and eclogue advantages. In 1956, the Mascota mule trail was replaced by a tamp down crap road. In 1958, 24-hour electric generation arrived. A new airport arrived in 1962 connecting Puerto Vallarta with Los Angeles via Mazatlán, and the mexican Aviation Company began offering package trips. By the early 1960s, the population had started to spread beyond the Centro and Gringo Gulch, and the Colonias of 5 de Diciembre ( north of the Centro ) and Emiliano Zapata ( south of the Cuale River ) began to grow .
The advanced repair – 1960s to the award [edit ]
Puerto Vallarta at night. Six influences in the 1960s and 1970s launched Puerto Vallarta into becoming a major resort finish. first gear : The Mexican federal government resolved century-old place disputes of domain that had communal status, land the federal government had appropriated from the Union en Cuale mining ship’s company to be parceled out as communal farms. The land ‘s communal ( ejido ) condition had stifled development in the town for much of the twentieth century. A significant transition of communal lands into individual ownership within present Puerto Vallarta city limits took place in 1973 with the institution of the Vallarta Land Trust ( Fideicomiso ) to oversee selling government land into secret hands, and using the sales tax income to develop the city ‘s infrastructure. second base : american director John Huston filmed his 1964 movie The Night of the Iguana in Mismaloya, a small township barely south of Puerto Vallarta. During the film, the US media gave extensive coverage to Elizabeth Taylor ‘s adulterous matter with Richard Burton, a well as covering the frequent contend between Huston and the film ‘s four stars. The subsequent publicity helped put Puerto Vallarta on the map for US tourists. third : The mexican government invested significantly in exile improvements making Puerto Vallarta an easy travel finish. To make Puerto Vallarta accessible by jet aircraft the government developed the city ‘s external airport. Ground exile significantly improved. Government invested heavily in the development of highway and utility infrastructure. Another vital improvement for the city was the El Salado pier ( where the current cruise terminal is located ), inaugurated on June 1, 1970, making Puerto Vallarta the inaugural harbor town in Jalisco. [ 8 ] Improvements and investment in infrastructure led to Puerto Vallarta experiencing tourist booms, starting in the late 1960s. While tourists from the United States and Canada started flowing in, tourists in Puerto Vallarta were chiefly from Mexico, who started traveling to Puerto Vallarta because the better infrastructure ( 4-lane paved highways ) made travel easily and commodious ( for example, Guadalajara and Puerto Vallarta ). one-fourth : In 1968 the Puerto Vallarta municipality was elevated to City status. The acme in condition reflected matter to by Mexican union and express governments in developing the Puerto Vallarta as an international recourse address. Puerto Vallarta has since besides attracted a lively expatriate community from the U.S., Canada and Europe .
Closer scene of the church Fifth : The City showcased its new image. In August 1970, U.S. President Richard Nixon met with Mexican then-President Gustavo Díaz Ordaz in Puerto Vallarta for treaty negotiations. The visit showcased Puerto Vallarta ‘s recently developed international airport and repair infrastructure. The U.S. presidential travel to contributed significantly to getting Puerto Vallarta ‘s name in the news and visibility as a recourse destination. sixth : Resort hotel development in Puerto Vallarta boomed in the 1970s. Prior to 1973 hotels in Puerto Vallarta tended to be modest, mid-priced establishments. only two large size luxury hotels existed ( the Real and the Posada Vallarta ). After 1973, Puerto Vallarta experienced rapid growth in global-brand luxury hotels and international resorts, to where in 2013 there are approximately 41 five star and four ace rated hotels. An economic downturn in Mexico caused tourists to flock to Puerto Vallarta. In 1982, the colombian peso was devalued and Puerto Vallarta became a dicker address for US tourists. consequently, the mid-1980s saw a distinguish and rapid surface in the tourist volume. This uptick fueled extra growth, for example the Marina which was started in 1986. But Puerto Vallarta ‘s success caused other mexican cities to take note. The early 1990s saw Mexico ‘s politics and private business develop other recourse destinations, such as Ixtapa and Cancún. This took away Puerto Vallarta ‘s exclusivity of sorts on the foreign tourist deal, and caused a slump in travel to Puerto Vallarta. With increase comes problems. During the early 1980s Puerto Vallarta experienced a distinguish increase in problems related to poverty. While the devaluation of the philippine peso brought record numbers of tourists to the area, it besides stifled investing and frankincense construction. so while more and more workers were arriving in Puerto Vallarta to try to cash in on the thunder tourist craft, less and less was being done to accommodate them with housing and relate infrastructure. sol during the mid-1980s Puerto Vallarta experienced a rapid expansion of impromptu communities ailing served by tied basic public services. This very gloomy standard of life leveled out Puerto Vallarta ‘s recourse boom. In the late 1980s Puerto Vallarta government worked to alleviate the situation by developing house and infrastructure. however, the bequest of the 1980s boom remains evening today where the outlying areas of Puerto Vallarta suffer from poor provision of basic services ( i.e. water, sewage, roads ). [ 9 ] In 1993, the federal Agrarian Law was amended allowing for more plug foreign tenure of early ejido state. Those controlling ejido land were allowed to petition for regulation, a procedure that converted their manipulate sake into fee childlike ownership. This mean that the property could be sold, and it led to a boom in the growth of individual residences, by and large condominiums, and a new phase of Puerto Vallarta ‘s expansion began, centered more on accommodating retirees, snowbirds, and those who visited the city adequate to make purchasing a condominium or a time-share a cost-efficient option .
climate [edit ]
Puerto Vallarta has a Tropical wet and dry climate ( Köppen climate classification Aw ), with dry winters and showery summers. [ 10 ] The average daily high temperature is 86 °F ( 30 °C ) ; modal daily depleted temperature is 70 °F ( 21 °C ) ; average day by day humidity is 75 %. The showery season extends from mid June through mid October, with most of the rain between July and September. August is the city ‘s wettest month, with an average of 14 days with significant precipitation. even during the showery season precipitation tends to be concentrated in boastfully rainstorms. Occasional tropical storms will bring thunderstorms to the city in November, though the month is typically dry. There is a score dry season in the winter. February, March and April are the months with the least cloud cover. [ 11 ] Prevailing winds are from the southwest, and most weather systems approaching Puerto Vallarta are consequently weakened as they pass over Cabo Corrientes. frankincense even during the showery season Puerto Vallarta ‘s weather tends to be balmy compared to early areas along the Mexican Pacific coast. Hurricanes rarely strike Puerto Vallarta. In 2002, Hurricane Kenna, a category 5 hurricane, made landfall about 160 km ( 100 security service ) northwest of Puerto Vallarta, and the city suffered some price from the resulting storm billow. In 1971, Hurricane Lily, a class 1 hurricane, caused dangerous implosion therapy on the Isla Cuale, prompting the city to relocate all of its residents to the new Colonia Palo Seco .
|Climate data for Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, Mexico|
|Record high °C (°F)||35.0
|Average high °C (°F)||26.7
|Daily mean °C (°F)||21.7
|Average low °C (°F)||16.7
|Record low °C (°F)||11
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||33.8
|Average rainy days ( ≥ 0.1 millimeter )||2.2||0.7||0.6||0.2||1.0||10.8||16.4||15.2||15.6||5.1||1.4||1.9||71.1|
|Average relative humidity (%)||67||65||65||67||68||69||69||70||70||68||67||68||68|
|Source 1: World Meteorological Organization.|
|Source 2: Weatherbase|
|24 °C (75 °F)||24 °C (75 °F)||24 °C (75 °F)||25 °C (77 °F)||27 °C (81 °F)||28 °C (82 °F)||29 °C (84 °F)||30 °C (86 °F)||30 °C (86 °F)||30 °C (86 °F)||28 °C (82 °F)||25 °C (77 °F)|
Hurricane Patricia [edit ]
Hurricane Patricia, a Category 5 storm, became the most herculean cyclone ever measured in the Western Hemisphere with suffer wind speeds up to 200 miles per hour ( 320 kilometers per hour ). Hurricane Patricia was forecast to make landfall at Puerto Vallarta on the evening of October 23, 2015, with catastrophic damage predicted for the town and surrounding areas and the likely for mud slides. The storm changed from a Category 1 to a Category 5 in just 24 hours, therefore catching some vacationers off guard and leaving many trapped in the township. The Jalisco state government put together 30 buses to evacuate tourists from the coast to Guadalajara, a 5-hour drive inland. Manzanillo, Colima was besides near the bode catastrophic damage zone. ultimately, Patricia made landfall south of Puerto Vallarta, sparing the city from any meaning damage. [ 15 ] [ 16 ]
Geography, geology and ecology [edit ]
geographic characteristics [edit ]
Beaches of Puerto Vallarta Puerto Vallarta lies on a minute coastal plain at the animal foot of the Sierras Cuale and San Sebastián, parts of the Sierra Madre Occidental. The homely widens to the north, reaching its widest indicate along the Ameca river. Three rivers flow from the Sierra through the sphere. From south to north they are the Cuale, the Pitillal, and the Ameca. A number of arroyo besides run from the Sierra to the coastal homely. Many of the valleys of these rivers and arroyos are inhabited. besides development has to some extent spread up the hillsides from the coastal plain. The city proper comprises four main areas : the hotel zone along the shore to the north, Olas Altas – Colonia Emiliano Zapata to the south of the Cuale river ( recently named Zona Romántica in some tourist brochures ), the Centro along the land between these two areas, and a total of residential areas to the east of the hotel zone. The oldest section of the town is the area of Col. Centro near the church of Our lady of Guadalupe, specially Hidalgo street .
seismic history [edit ]
Puerto Vallarta, like a lot of the west coast of North America, is prone to earthquakes, though Puerto Vallarta tends to experience merely peripheral effects of earthquakes centered further south. On 9 October 1995, an earthquake located off the Colima coast shook the pennant from the exceed of the Roman Catholic Church. [ 17 ] [ 18 ]
economy [edit ]
about 50 % of the work force is employed in tourist relate industries : hotels, restaurants, personal services, and exile. The municipality does, however, continue to have strong agricultural, industrial and commercial sectors. [ citation needed ]
tourism trends [edit ]
Puerto Vallarta was once named as La ciudad más amigable del mundo ( The Friendliest City in the World ), as the sign reads when entering from Nayarit. today, the presence of numerous sidewalk touts selling time-shares and tequila render the city ‘s atmosphere more akin to tourist-heavy resorts like Cancun and Acapulco, but overall the city ‘s repute remains relatively undiminished. [ citation needed ] tourism in Puerto Vallarta has increased steadily over the years and makes up for 50 % of the city ‘s economic activeness. The high gear season for international tourism in Puerto Vallarta extends from late November through March ( or late depending on the time of the college spring breakage period in the U.S. ) The city is particularly democratic with U.S. residents from the western U.S. because of the absolute number of calculate flights between Puerto Vallarta and Los Angeles, San Francisco, Seattle, Denver, Phoenix, Dallas, Houston, Minneapolis, and Chicago. [ 19 ] The city is besides popular with tourists from western Canada with a number of calculate scheduled and charter flights from western canadian cities. Puerto Vallarta is besides a highly popular vacation spot for domestic tourists. It is a democratic weekend destination for residents of Guadalajara ( tapatíos ), and a popular national destination for vacations such as Semana Santa ( the workweek preceding Easter ) and Christmas. besides in recent years Acapulco has experienced a ascent in drug related ferocity [ 20 ] and consequently Puerto Vallarta has absorbed a distribute of the Mexico City haunt vacation business ( Acapulco has hanker been a common finish for tourists from Mexico City ). rapid emergence in tourist volume in Puerto Vallarta has given emanation to rapid growth in hotel and rental apartment construction. This growth has spilled over from the city limits into Nuevo Vallarta in the adjacent department of state of Nayarit. The sphere is one of the fastest growing regions in the Americas. [ citation needed ]
Read more: What Is a Casita? Why would I want a casita?
real estate of the realm tourism [edit ]
Puerto Vallarta has become a popular retirement destination for U.S. and canadian retirees. This has created a number of neighborhoods within the Puerto Vallarta region that provide primarily to real estate tourism, such as the Hotel Zone, which stretches from downtown Vallarta to the airport and Marina Vallarta ( near the airport ), and Amapas and Conchas Chinas, which are built into the mountain slightly south and behind Puerto Vallarta, and overlook the city and bay. Most recently the downtown area, specially in Emiliano Zapata, ( besides known as the Romantic Zone ), a reasonably controversial vogue has commenced where traditional homes are being razed for the structure of condominium buildings. This area in holocene years has been the most popular for Vallarta very estate of the realm tourism with about 25 % of all real number estate sales for the region taking place here in 2019. [ 21 ] Controversial construction of condominium towers has besides been taking topographic point along the coastline heading south in Conchas Chinas and along the South Shore. The Vallarta tourism real estate tourism grocery store is made up of both full-time retirees and a second-home owners, chiefly from the United States. On average about 40 % of buyers are american, with nationals consisting of 30 % and Canadians and other foreign buyers making up the remaining 20 %. Mexicans favor destinations such as Puerto Vallarta, Los Cabos and Cancun not good for the sun and beach, but besides as real estate of the realm investment to hedge their dominican peso as real estate in these regions is priced in USD, rather than in colombian peso like the rest of the area. [ 21 ] Puerto Vallarta can be classified as a medium-ranged substantial estate commercialize with a market consisting largely of condominiums with the average price around US $ 320,000 in 2019. [ 21 ] Higher-end real estate can be found primarily in Conchas Chinas, however Punta Mita, at the northern point of Banderas Bay in the neighbor country of Nayarit, has becoming increasingly more popular with wealthier buyers over the past ten years. Any foreigner wish to buy actual estate of the realm in Puerto Vallarta ( or anywhere along the coast of Mexico ), ca n’t own substantial estate here outright, but needs to establish a “ fideicomiso ” or beneficial trust which is held with a Mexican Bank on the owner ‘s behalf. It is n’t the lapp as holding the title, but it has worked well and with few problems for more than 50 years. The entrust is full for 50 years and can be renewed for another 50-year period. [ 22 ]
LGBT tourism [edit ]
Guadalajara and Acapulco were coarse vacation destinations for gay men and lesbians from Mexico City and, particularly, the United States and Canada in the 1980s and 1990s. however, since that time, Puerto Vallarta has developed into Mexico ‘s premier fall back township as a kind of satellite gay space for its big sister Guadalajara, much as Fire Island is to New York City and Palm Springs is to Los Angeles. [ 23 ] It is now considered the most welcome and gay-friendly destination in the nation, dubbed the “ San Francisco of Mexico. ” [ 24 ] Previously quite conservative, the municipal politics has become increasingly supportive in recognising and accepting the LGBT tourism segment and in supporting LGBT events such as Vallarta gay pride celebrations which launched in 2013 and is now held per annum to coincide with U.S. Memorial Day weekend. [ 25 ] It boasts a homosexual setting, centered in the city ‘s south-side Zona Romántica, of hotels and resorts a well as many bars, nightclubs and a cheery beach on the main land. [ 24 ] Puerto Vallarta has been cited as the number one gay beach finish in Latin America, [ 26 ] with city officials claiming a 5 % tourism addition in 2013. [ 27 ]
population and growth pace for Puerto Vallarta [edit ]
The major suburb is Bahia de Banderas in Nayarit across express lines, in which Nuevo Vallarta and Sayulita are localities. Ixtapa is a vicinity in PV, not to be confused with the municipality of Ixtapa in Guerrero department of state .
|Locality Population (city)||93,503||121,844||151,432||177,830||203,342||221,200|
sources : ( vicinity & 2015 municipal ) [ 28 ] ( municipal to 2010 ) sources : Cuaderno Estadistico Municipal [ 29 ] Censo de Poblacion y Vivienda 2010 [ 30 ]
Growth-related problems [edit ]
Water pollution [edit ]
visibility in the water system off Puerto Vallarta, close to the mouths of the rivers is poor in the summer, but away from these locations visibility in the summer is greater than in the dry temper. In Puerto Vallarta, the sewage is treated by a British/Dutch party with a “ State of the Art ” facility. Outside of the City there may be no connection to this and in the showery season some befoulment can happen around the river mouths, but it promptly dissipates in the bay, which is a huge soundbox of body of water .
poverty [edit ]
poverty remains a trouble in Puerto Vallarta, fueled by the constant inflow of persons seeking use. many areas of the city are however ailing served by roads and sewers. For exercise, Colonia Ramblases is served by roads in generally inadequate condition alone 10 % of which are paved, and Ramblases has been a populated neighborhood since the 1940s. [ 31 ] The Municipality of Puerto Vallarta comprises about 45,000 regular dwellings. Of those, 10 % do not have a beverage water supply ( carrying their urine from a public wiretap ), 8 % do not have connections to a gutter system or septic system ( using alternatively crude septic pits or dumping sewage directly into waterways ), and 4 % do not have electricity. [ 32 ] One reason for this is the difficulty the city has enforcing building regulations. many of the jobs available in Puerto Vallarta are classed as subscript by the Secretariat for Social Development, and even jobs that are broadly well paying tend to be seasonal worker, therefore for example, waiters depend heavily on tips to supplement incomes that can be a abject as 80 guinea-bissau peso a day – the applicable minimum engage in Jalisco. [ 33 ] There have recently ( 2005 to 2007 ) been improvements like the raw IMSS facilities in Col. Versalles, improvements to several refreshment facilities, improved communal beach access policies, etc. still efforts seem to aim more at quick and visible infrastructure improvements than at solving the more press and enduring problem of insufficient infrastructure for basic services. [ 34 ] One convinced leave of recent growth has been that in relative terms a smaller share of the population lives in older and ill served neighborhoods. A growing number of residents live in housing projects and humble income housing developments which provide at least adequate basic services. so possibly having stemmed the emergence of the problem with the new developments, the city will finally be able to devote its resources to improving existing neighborhoods. [ 35 ]
fare [edit ]
Licenciado Gustavo Díaz Ordaz International Airport [edit ]
Airport ‘s outside in 2015 The Licenciado Gustavo Díaz Ordaz International Airport comprises a commercial international section and a general aviation section. [ 36 ] The commercial section has a single runway, 3,300 thousand ( 10,700 foot ) in distance and 46 meter ( 150 foot ) in width, capable of handling all current traffic without restrictions. The airfield is capable of handling 40 takeoffs or landings per hour. The airport terminal has 16 active gates, with an extra six under construction in a concluding elongation project as of August 2011. [ citation needed ] As of 2017, the active voice airlines utilizing the commercial section were : Aeromexico, Air Canada, Air Transat, Alaska Airlines, American, Delta, Interjet, Magnicharters, Southwest Airlines, United Airlines, VivaAerobus, Volaris, and WestJet .
There are two distinct vent dealings patterns in Puerto Vallarta ; international and domestic. The international passenger traffic accounts for 73 % of Puerto Vallarta ‘s air passengers peaking January through March at around 570,000 passengers per calendar month. The domestic passenger dealings accounts for 27 % of all passengers with a high season during the summer months of July and August top out at around 222,000 passengers per month. [ 37 ] These diverse traffic patterns are similar to other vacation destinations in Mexico. annual passenger volume in Puerto Vallarta dropped 20 % after the 2009 H1N1 scare from a vertex of 3.281 million passengers in 2008 to 2.645 million passengers in 2009. [ citation needed ] The general aviation section handles small planes leaving for San Sebastián del Oeste, Mascota, and other towns in the Sierra and along the Coast. It has 18 load positions and shares the commercial airfield. [ citation needed ]
Cruise ships [edit ]
The port of Puerto Vallarta receives cruise ships on a even footing during the tourist season. The docks ( Muelle de Cruceros Puerto Vallarta ) can berth three cruise ships simultaneously. Trips to the El Centro erstwhile town and its beach front and tourist markets, including some art stores, are available. The beach battlefront has been recently undergo extra improvements to the Malecon, a long promenade along the beach with numerous sculptures, restaurants, night clubs, access to boat-pulled parasailing over the bay, and diverse early tourist specific activities and markets .
Bus station and regional buses [edit ]
National bus lines connect Puerto Vallarta ( via the Central Camionera near the Modelo build union of town near the airport ) with Guadalajara, Mazatlán, Manzanillo and points beyond. Bus lines include ETN and Primera Plus. Smaller busbar lines connect Puerto Vallarta to small coastal and sierra towns. [ citation needed ]
track [edit ]
Puerto Vallarta presently has no passenger railing serve. Historically, buses connected with nearby Tepic, where there was a passenger rail military service on the main north–south trunk of Ferromex. Heading north, trains continued to Nogales, opposite its namesake in Arizona. A spur headed northwestern to Mexicali, reverse Calexico, California. Service to the east went to Guadalajara and then to Mexico City. [ 38 ]
local anesthetic transportation [edit ]
cab in business district. Puerto Vallarta is serviced by three municipal bus unions that provide coverage for most of the greater Puerto Vallarta area ( e.g. Ixtapa, Mismaloya, Pitillal ). Most of the population of the Municipality of Puerto Vallarta travels by municipal bus topology. Automobile possession is not rare, but cars are rarely used to commute to and from work. They are typically reserved for syndicate outings and major denounce trips. Parking in Puerto Vallarta is barely, and this makes automobile commuting impractical. [ citation needed ] Throughout the central area of the city and along the coastal strip, roads are generally paved, often with cobblestones. In the residential areas outside of the cardinal commercial sphere soil roads are the average, and many of them are in poor condition and not suitable for normal cars except at very low speeds. [ citation needed ] The city is besides served by a large fleet of taxis. Rates are controlled by a taxi driver ‘s union, and rig in negotiations between the union and the city. Rates are based on established zones preferably than using taxi meters. [ citation needed ] As of June 2017, Uber began operating in Puerto Vallarta. [ 39 ] Their arrival has not been without conflict, as there have been confrontations between them due to their much lower rates. [ 40 ]
politics [edit ]
municipal presidents [edit ]
big citizens, past and present [edit ]
- Francisca Rodriguez y Rodriguez – Puerto Vallarta’s first teacher. She arrived in Puerto Vallarta in 1918 from Tomatlán, and served as Puerto Vallarta’s schoolmistress until she retired in 1943. Initially she taught in improvised schools, but eventually moved to the 20 of November School on Calle Juárez (Juárez Street). She was affectionately remembered as La Pachita (the little Pasha) by generations of Vallartan schoolchildren. She was killed by an automobile in Calle Juárez not far from the school where she taught, and a bronze plaque at the site commemorates her life and death. There is a street named after her in Colonia Emiliano Zapata.[ citation needed]
- Manuel Lepe Macedo (1936–1984) – a painter renowned for his naive style paintings, a style that has become closely associated with Puerto Vallarta. His works are exhibited in town at the Peter Gray Gallery at the University of Guadalajara’s Coastal Center near Ixtapa.[ citation needed]
- Carlos Munguía Fregoso (d. 2005) – well known as Puerto Vallarta’s official historian and chronicler. He was author of countless articles on the history of Puerto Vallarta, and of several books, including most recently Panorama Histórico de Puerto Vallarta upon which much of the historical narrative in this article is based.[ citation needed]
department of education [edit ]
Puerto Vallarta has schools for all levels from kindergarten to university education both secret and public .
Universities [edit ]
Puerto Vallarta has a campus from one of the best know universities in Mexico, the University of Guadalajara. But it besides has many early lesser known public and individual university options such as the UNIVA university and the Instituto Tecnologico de Puerto Vallarta ( Puerto Vallarta Technological Institute ). Some of these universities besides offer high educate grade education .
culture : arts and cuisine [edit ]
local food specialties [edit ]
- Huachinango zarandeado – red snapper marinated in a birria paste (roast peppers, garlic and spices) and grilled.
- Grilled Mahi-mahi – served on the beaches and at some taco stands – the meat is skewered and cooked over coals then served with hot sauce and lime.
- Ceviche – raw fish, scallops, or shrimp, with onions, chiles such as serranos or jalapeños, and lime or lemon juice. The lime juice cures the fish, turning the flesh opaque and giving it a chewy texture. The ceviche is usually served with tortilla chips or on a whole tostada, and quite frequently accompanied by guacamole.
Film and television [edit ]
Landmarks, sights, activities [edit ]
Landmarks in Puerto Vallarta [edit ]
Playa Conchas Chinas
- Church of Our Lady of Guadalupe – Colonia Centro
- Púlpito and Pilitas (Pulpit and Baptismal Font) – Colonia Emiliano Zapata – two rock formations at the South end of Los Muertos Beach. El Púlpito is the tall headland and Las Pilitas are the formation of rocks beneath it. Las Pilitas was the original location of the Boy on a Seahorse sculpture (El Caballito) now located on the Malecón, an identical sculpture is also located on Los Muertos Beach. There are two streets in the Olas Altas area named after the rock formations.
- Playa Conchas Chinas (Curly Shells Beach) – Fraccionamiento Amapas – the city’s most secluded beach, located to the south of the headland which forms the boundary of Los Muertos beach.
- The Malecón – paved walkway along the seashore in Colonia Centro – especially popular during the Sunday evening paseo. It features a collection of contemporary sculptures by Sergio Bustamante, Alejandro Colunga, Ramiz Barquet and others. The Malecon was extensively rebuilt in 2002-2003 following damage from hurricane Kenna. It was also greatly renovated, having new walkways and iconic sculptures in 2010
- Mercado Isle Cuale and Mercado Municipal Cuale – there are two large public markets in the Centro (Downtown) along the banks of the Cuale selling a variety of artisanal and souvenir goods, and the Isla Cuale has a number of souvenir vendor shops as well. The Isla Cuale was also famous for its cat population. The Island was a lower class suburb until flooding during Hurricane Lily (1971) forced residents to be relocated. They were moved to Palo Seco (which means “dry stick”) and the Island was converted into a site for restaurants, shops and a cultural center.
- Cuale Archaeological Museum – on the West side of the Isla Cuale, the museum presents a significant collection of local and regional pre-Hispanic art in a number of informative displays. The museum also houses a small gallery for showing contemporary art.
- Statue of John Huston on Isla Cuale – dedicated on the 25th anniversary of the film’s release and honoring Huston’s contributions to the city. John’s son Danny was married in a ceremony that took place at the statue in 2002.
- Plaza de Armas (Ignacio Vallarta) / Aquiles Serdán Amphitheater (Los Arcos) – the city’s main plaza – site of public concerts both at the bandstand in the Plaza de Armas and on the stage in front of the arches across the street.
- City Hall – a modern city hall laid out using a traditional courtyard plan. There is a tourist office in the SW corner, and on the landing of the main (West off the courtyard) stairwell there is a modest naive style mural by local artist Manuel Lepe.
- Saucedo Theatre Building (Juárez and Iturbide) – Built in 1922 in a Belle Époque style reminiscent of architecture of the Porfirato. The theater presented live shows and films on its first floor, and the second floor housed a ballroom. The building has been converted to retail use.
Landmarks south of Puerto Vallarta [edit ]
- Los Arcos Marine Natural Area – offshore of Mismaloya 12 km south of Puerto Vallarta. The area has been a National Marine Park since 1984. The area is protected as a breeding ground for pelicans, boobies and other sea birds. The park is a popular snorkeling destination both for the rocks themselves and for the fossilized coral beds that surround them.
- Vallarta Botanical Gardens – A popular showcase of orchids, agaves, cactus, palms, and other native plants. A restaurant and river swimming is also available to visitors. The gardens are located 14 mi (23 km) South of Puerto Vallarta on Highway 200. Buses for the Vallarta Botanical Gardens depart from the corner of Carranzas and Aguacate Streets in the Zona Romantica and are labeled as both “El Tuito” and “Botanical Gardens”.
- Puerto Vallarta Zoo – with 350 animals, and located in a forested setting in Mismaloya.
Landmarks union of Puerto Vallarta [edit ]
- University of Guadalajara’s Coastal Center – North of Pitillal and West of Ixtapa, the campus features several public attractions including the Peter Gray Art Museum and a Crocodile Farm.
- Ixtapa Archaeological Zone – north of the town of Ixtapa along the banks of the Ameca River there is an archeological site with remains going back several thousand years. The site comprises 29 mounds. The largest measures 40 meters in diameter and 8 meters in height. The site also includes the remains of ceremonial ball court. The original inhabitants of the site were vassals of the Aztatlán kingdom which was located in Western Jalisco between 900 and 1200 AD. The site is the oldest explored in Western Jalisco. The digs have uncovered a number of residential and ceremonial sites, a wealth of pottery (incense burners, bowls, amphora, etc.). Many of these objects are on display at the Rio Cuale Island Museum.
Landmarks east of Puerto Vallarta [edit ]
- Terra Noble Art and Healing Center – a New Age spa, meditation center and artist retreat on the hills east of Puerto Vallarta along the edge of the Agua Azul Nature Reserve overlooking Bahía de Banderas. The complex, built to resemble an early Mexican wattle and daub home was created by architect Jorge Rubio in conjunction with American sculptor Suzy Odom.
Beaches and beach towns [edit ]
Beaches in Puerto Vallarta [edit ]
- Playa Camarones (Shrimp Beach) – Colonia 5 de Diciembre (vicinity of Av. Paragua – Hotel Buenaventura. This is the northernmost public beach in the City of Puerto Vallarta proper. It is named after the shrimp fishermen that once landed their launches on the beach to unload their catch.
- Playa Olas Altas (High Waves Beach) – Colonia Emiliano Zapata – the beach extends from the Cuale River South to the fishing pier. In spite of the name, the waves offshore are not particularly high, and the beach is a popular place to swim, especially for locals and national tourists. The beach is lined with outdoor restaurants.
- Playa de los Muertos (Beach of the Dead) – Colonia Emiliano Zapata – the city’s largest public beach. Legend has it the beach’s name (Dead Men’s Beach) stems from a battle between pirates and local miners after which bodies remained strewn on the beach, but it’s a legend, since there were never any miners in Vallarta. The South Side of the beach is a popular gathering spot for gay and lesbian tourists. The North end is frequented mostly by locals, and national tourists. The city has recently tried to change the name of the beach to Playa del Sol.
- Boca de Tomates (Mouth of Tomatoes) – a beach located near the mouth of the Ameca River. The beach is not very popular among international tourists due to the rocks that come ashore especially in the summertime. Also watch out for crocodiles. Its proximity to the Ameca River which carries muddy rainwater in the summertime causes the water to lose its clarity making it appear dirty.[ citation needed]
Beaches south of Puerto Vallarta [edit ]
- Playa Gemelas – a beach 3 km (2 mi) north of the mouth of the Mismaloya river and has some of the clearest water in the bay.
- Playa Mismaloya – at the mouth of the Mismaloya River. The beach was featured in several scenes from Night of the Iguana and the main set was located on hillside to the south of the beach. The beach is developed with a number of restaurants.
South Shores beaches [edit ]
A act of beaches along the South shore of the true laurel are accessible only by boat from mismaloya beach. The explicate beaches include ( east to west ) : Las Animas, Quimixto, Majahuitas and Yelapa. These and other smaller undeveloped beaches can be reached by launching from Boca de Tomatlán .
- Playa Las Animas – a narrow wide white sand beach developed with several restaurants.
- Playa Las Caletas – a secluded beach that was once the private retreat of film director John Huston. Today it is a wildlife preserve. There is a living natural reef close to shore which makes the beach a popular destination for snorkelers.
- Playa Quimixto – a somewhat rocky and secluded beach which is settled by a small village of several hundred families. There are horse and guide hire concessions in the town which lead visitors through a small canyon behind the town to a series of waterfalls.
- Yelapa – once a small electricity free fishing village and a popular “hideaway” for gringos, now it has electricity, telephones and the internet. Visited by tourist boats for about 3 hours a day, it reverts to its laid back ways when they leave.
Beaches north of Puerto Vallarta [edit ]
The north shore of the bay is lined with beach towns that offer estimable jam beaches and the usual tourist amenities. These include ( east to west ) : Bucerias, Cruz de Huanacaxtle, Playa la Manzanilla, Playa Destiladeras, Playa Pontoque, and Punta Mita, all in the State of Nayarit. All can be reached by bus ( departing from Wal-Mart ) .
local festivals [edit ]
- Flower and Garden Festival (last week of February) – A week of tours, classes, and workshops at the Vallarta Botanical Gardens. Dozens of plant, garden, flower, and local craft vendors feature their products and knowledge.
- Electro Beach Puerto Vallarta (42-day festival starting in the beginning of March) – An Electronic Dance Music (EDM) festival.
- May Festival (last week of May and first week of June) – commemorating the anniversary of the municipality. The festival features outdoor concerts, artistic expositions, sporting events and a parade.
- Día de Muertos – Day of the Dead (November 2) – A day of honoring the dead in full Mexican Tradition held at the Vallarta Botanical Gardens. Workshops on making catrina skeleton dolls and cempasúchil (Tagetes erecta) flower arrangements are followed by celebrations in the Garden of Memories and a bonfire dance.
- Las Posadas (20 December) – An evening of candlelight caroling & processions to handmade nativities is hosted by the Vallarta Botanical Gardens. Poinsettias and native Mexican pines are also featured during the celebrations.
- 1 to 12 December – Festival of the Virgin of Guadalupe
Neighborhoods [edit ]
Puerto Vallarta comprises numerous neighborhoods ( colonias ). noteworthy neighborhoods include ( from South to North )
- Res. Conchas Chinas – hillside Southeast from Los Muertos beach.
- Col. Alta Vista.
- Amapas – on the hillside behind Los Muertos beach overlooking the bay.
- Col. Emiliano Zapata – South of the Cuale (called Zona Romántica or “Old Town” in tourist brochures)
- Cols. Caloso and Canoas – east of Col. Emiliano Zapata and up the Rio Cuale.
- Col. Centro – the oldest section of town and its current center – North of the Cuale river to Parque Hidalgo.
- Col. 5 Diciembre – just north of the Centro, and with Col. Zapata among the first neighborhoods beyond the Centro to be developed.
- Col. Lázaro Cardenas – which houses a large recreation complex and the city’s largest fish market – Parque Hidalgo to the Libramiento.
- Col. Versalles – the old Zona Rosa, prior to the development of the North Hotel Zone.
- Hotel Zone – Follows the coastline into down Vallarta from the airport. Lined with hotels, timeshare resorts and residential towers.
- Cols. Bugambillas and Ramblases – located on the NW slopes of the hills East of the city and relatively poor areas serviced mostly by dirt roads except for the hillside areas which have good views and thus attract residents with more resources.
- Marina Vallarta – a large planned real estate tourism development near the airport with a marina, golf course, hotels, timeshare resorts and residential areas of homes and condominiums.
- Del. Pitillal – once a small town and now a populous neighborhood, a separate delegación but now part of the City of Puerto Vallarta proper.
- Col. Bobadilla – just north of Pitillal and also an important residential area.
The city besides includes numerous fraccionamientos, densely built residential blocks that provide low-cost housing for the city ‘s work force. additionally the municipality of Puerto Vallarta comprises a few other meaning population centers ( from South to North ) :
- Boca de Tomatlán (pop. 570)
- Mismaloya (pop. 970)
- Las Juntas
- Ixtapa (pop. 25,700) (n.b. there is a more well known Ixtapa in Guerrero – a resort development near the village of Zihuatanejo)
- La Desembocada
- El Ranchito (El Colesio)
- El Colorado
- Las Palmas de Arriba
sister cities [edit ]
celebrated people from Puerto Vallarta [edit ]
See besides [edit ]
Notes [edit ]
References [edit ]
- Link to tables of population data from Census of 2005 INEGI: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática
- Jalisco Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México
- Munguía Fregoso, Carlos – Panorama Histórico de Puerto Vallarta y de la Bahía de Banderas. Guadalajara (2003) Secretaría Cultura Jalisco
- Montes de Oca de Contreras, Catalina – Puerto Vallarta en mis recuerdos. Guadalajara (1982) Gobierno de Jalisco, Secretaria General, Unidad Editorial
- Guia Roji – Ciudad de Puerto Vallarta – Area Metropolitana Map 2005-6
- Moon Handbooks – Puerto Vallarta Emeryville, California (2003) Avalon Travel Publishing
- Martínez Campos, Gabriel – Recetario colimense de la iguana – Mexico DF (2004) Conaculta
- Mantilla, Lucia – Los barrios pobres en 31 ciudades Mexicanas: Barrio Ramblases, Puerto Vallarta – Mexico (2004) Secretaria de Desarollo Social
- Harris, Richard – Hidden Puerto Vallarta Berkeley (2006) Ulysses Press
-  Children of the Dump Vallarta, Feed the Children Vallarta & the School of Champions Vallarta
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